1998 AS Copenhagen bigThe Seventh Annual Session, held in Copenhagen 7-10 July 1998, focused on structures and institutions of the OSCE. The Assembly adopted the Copenhagen Declaration recognizing that, in order to meet the challenge of implementing OSCE principles and commitments with greater effectiveness, a refinement of existing OSCE tools and resources should be pursued.

The Assembly also continued to call for revision of OSCE decision-making procedures and urged the OSCE Ministerial Council to “consider expanding those circumstances under which the existing consensus-minus-one decision-making mechanism is utilized to include, inter alia, approval of budgets, deployment of missions and selection of senior personnel”.

A Supplementary Resolution on Kosovo appealed to all parties in the Kosovo conflict to return to the principles of non-violence, and denounced the policies of the Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) for its military aggression against the Albanian population of Kosovo. The 1998 Annual Assembly also adopted a Resolution on the Economic Charter, expressing an awareness of the importance of economic, social and ecological factors for security and co-operation in Europe.

1997 AS Warsaw bigThe Sixth Annual Session, held in Warsaw 5-8 July 1997, focused on enhancing the implementation of commitments undertaken in the context of the CSCE and OSCE, including the Helsinki Final Act, the Charter of Paris and the Budapest and Lisbon Summit documents. A Declaration containing three basic resolutions, each corresponding to one of the three main baskets of the Helsinki Final Act, was adopted.

The Resolution concerning Political Affairs and Security focused on implementing the principles of territorial integrity and the inviolability of State frontiers.

In the field of Economic Affairs, Science, Technology and the Environment, a Resolution was passed to promote economic co-operation and provide assistance to the countries undertaking the transition to market economies.

1996 AS Stockholm bigThe Fifth Annual Session, held in Stockholm on 5-9 July 1996, focused on the discussion of a Comprehensive Security Model for Europe for the 21st Century.

The final Declaration reiterated the Parliamentary Assembly’s support for the adoption of a broad concept of security, stressing, inter alia, the importance of economic stabilization and environmentally sustainable development in the security dimension.

The Assembly called for the creation of a common European security area in which existing OSCE commitments could be implemented. To carry out these OSCE commitments, the Declaration also emphasized the need to develop and strengthen preventive diplomacy, conflict prevention and post-conflict rehabilitation.

The final Declaration expressed concern about conflicts within the OSCE region and called on Governments to organize and promote campaigns to further tolerance and fight xenophobia and racism. Furthermore, as proposed in previous sessions, the Assembly called for the adoption of an approximate-consensus principle to improve the OSCE decision-making process.

1995 AS Ottawa bigThe Fourth Annual Session of the Assembly, hosted by the Canadian Parliament in Ottawa on 4-8 July 1995, was the first Annual Session to be held in North America. The Ottawa Declaration encompassed a series of resolutions and recommendations relating to OSCE activities regarding the Former Yugoslavia, the Baltic region, Nagorno-Karabakh, Chechnya and Moldova.

The Assembly stressed the need for strengthening the role and Institutions of the OSCE and called for the development of criteria that would allow for the suspension of a participating State if there has been a “flagrant failure to implement OSCE decisions and commitments.” The Ottawa Declaration urged the OSCE and its participating States to actively explore decision-making procedures based on an approximate consensus.

1994 AS Vienna bigIn July 1994, the Assembly’s Third Annual Session was hosted in Vienna by the Austrian Parliament.

Again the adopted Vienna Declaration contained a chapter on the crisis in the Former Yugoslavia. Other issues addressed in the Declaration included the development of a Code of Conduct in the field of political and military security, the Chernobyl tragedy, the International War Crimes Tribunal and the human rights situation in Turkey.

The Vienna Declaration furthermore requested that the CSCE Budapest Summit Meeting debate the creation of a formal procedure for considering CSCE PA resolutions and recommendations, so that co-operation between the CSCE Assembly and the CSCE could be further strengthened.